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          CBN丨China's cross-border capital flows stable: forex official

          2022年11月23日 21:26   21世紀經濟報道 21財經APP   李瑩亮
          中英文帶你速覽中國經濟頭條。

          Hi everyone. I’m Stephanie LI.

          大家好,我是主持人李瑩亮。

          Coming up on today’s program.

          重點提要 

          • China’s forex official said the yuan's assets still have strong international appeal;

          • OECD projects global economic growth to slow to 3.1% in 2022 and 2.2% in 2023.

          Here’s what you need to know about China in the past 24 hours 

          中國經濟要聞

          China's cross-border capital flows are stable and there is great potential for global capital to be allocated, given the international appeal of yuan financial assets, an official at the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) said on Tuesday.

          Since the beginning of 2022, China's foreign-related economic activities have remained active and the foreign exchange market has become significantly more resilient, providing a relatively sound foundation for strong and effective management of cross-border capital flows, said Lu Lei, deputy administrator at SAFE, at the 2022 Financial Street Forum.

          According to Lu, in the first three quarters of this year, China had a current account surplus of $310.4 billion, the highest in history and up 56 percent year-on-year.

          "There is still a significant net inflow of direct investment and cross-border capital flows are steady. At present, foreign capital accounts for less than 5 percent of China's capital market and bond market. There is great potential for global capital to be allocated," said Lu, adding that the yuan's financial assets still have strong international appeal and relatively independent income performance despite fluctuations in the global financial market.

          Nicolas Aguzin, CEO of Hong Kong Exchange and Clearing Limited (HKEX), also said at the forum that with deepening reforms and innovation in connectivity, the size of the Chinese mainland's financial market is expected to increase to more than $100 trillion in the next decade or so. He added that there was significant interest in Chinese assets during his recent visits to Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Singapore.

          Christopher Hui Ching-yu, secretary for financial services and the treasury of HKSAR, also disclosed that Hong Kong will take measures to support the yuan's internationalization to consolidate Hong Kong's role as an offshore renminbi hub, such as amending laws to expand the exemption range of profits tax to encourage mainland local governments to issue debt in Hong Kong.

          11月22日,國家外匯管理局副局長陸磊在2022金融街論壇年會上表示,我國外匯市場韌性明顯增強,為有力有效跨境資本流動管理提供了良好的基礎條件。

          據陸磊介紹,今年以來,我國涉外經濟活動保持活躍,前三個季度國際收支保持基本平衡,經常賬戶順差達到3104億美元,為歷史同期最高值,同比增長56%;直接投資呈現凈流入,跨境資金流動平穩有序。

          具體到我國跨境資本流動管理,陸磊表示,外匯管理部門著力完善與新發展格局相適應的外匯管理體制機制,健全了外匯市場“宏觀審慎+微觀監管”兩位一體管理框架,維護外匯市場穩健運行和國家經濟金融安全。其中,宏觀著眼于預調微調,重在預期管理;微觀著眼于依法合規,重在盡職免責、越合規越便利。兩者的結合,在多輪次高強度沖擊下保持了外匯市場穩健運行。

          陸磊表示,當前,盡管全球金融市場出現了波動,但我國國際收支結構穩健,人民幣金融資產仍保持較強的國際吸引力,在全球范圍具有相對獨立的收益表現。目前全球資本進一步增配我國金融資產仍然有較大潛力。

          同時,港交所行政總裁歐冠升在2022金融街論壇上表示,近期港交所前往沙特阿拉伯、阿拉伯聯合酋長國和新加坡,分享港股市場的投資機遇。在整個行程中,他熱切感受到人們對中國資產仍抱有極大興趣。

          “隨著改革的深入、互聯互通的創新和資本流動的加快,內地金融市場的規模有望在未來十年左右增加到100萬億美元以上。而港交所的離岸融資中心和離岸風險管理中心的地位將得到提高,國際吸引力也會得以提升?!彼硎?。

          目前,香港是全球最大的財富管理中心之一,截至2021年底資產管理規模達4.6萬億美元。作為全球離岸人民幣中心,香港擁有最大的離岸人民幣資金池、最大的離岸人民幣外匯市場,為推動人民幣國際化將做出更大貢獻。

          香港特區政府財經事務及庫務局局長許正宇在論壇討論中表示,香港將從產品、基礎設施建設以及流動性三個方面持續推進人民幣國際化。許正宇表示,香港在金融層面是內外循環的交集點和匯集點,所以必須要持續推進人民幣國際化。未來香港將從產品、基礎設施建設以及流動性三個方面著手持續推進人民幣國際化。

          • World growth is set to slide from 3.1 percent this year to 2.2 percent next year, before rebounding slightly to 2.7 percent in 2024, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) said Tuesday in its latest Economic Outlook. “The United States and Europe are slowing sharply," said the report. The OECD projected the U.S. economy would grow 1.8 percent in 2022, 0.5 percent in 2023, and 1 percent in 2024. Meanwhile, growth in the eurozone would slow from 3.3 percent this year to only 0.5 percent in 2023, before climbing back to 1.4 percent in 2024. The OECD also said that Asia's major emerging-market economies will account for nearly three-quarters of global GDP growth by 2023. 

            OECD預測全球經濟2023年增長2.2%:經濟合作與發展組織(經合組織)22日發布經濟展望報告,預計全球經濟2022年增速為3.1%,2023年放緩至2.2%,2024年增長2.7%。報告說,由于烏克蘭危機引發的能源沖擊繼續刺激通脹,增加全球風險,預計未來一年全球經濟增長將進一步放緩。報告預測,亞洲主要新興市場經濟體將在2023年占全球國內生產總值(GDP)增長的近四分之三。美國和歐洲經濟增長正在急劇放緩。美國經濟今年將增長1.8%,明年增速將放緩至0.5%;歐元區經濟今年將增長3.3%,明年增速將放緩至0.5%;英國經濟今年將增長4.4%,明年將負增長0.4%。

          Next on industry and company news

          產業及公司新聞

          • Container throughput at China's ports and waterway cargo transport continued stable growth from January to October 2022, up 4 percent and 4.7 percent, respectively, data from the Ministry of Transport showed Wednesday. China remained the world’s highest level of maritime connectivity, accounting for 8 and 7 respectively of the top 10 ports in the world in terms of cargo throughput and container throughput, according to the ministry. 

            我國連續多年成全球海運連接度最高國家:交通運輸部23日數據顯示,今年1—10月,全國水路貨運量、貨物周轉量同比分別增長4.7%和4.4%。港口貨物吞吐量、集裝箱吞吐量同比分別增長0.5%和4%。中國在全球港口貨物吞吐量和集裝箱吞吐量排名前十的港口中分別占8席和7席,連續多年成為全球海運連接度最高的國家。 

          • JD.Com will cut the salaries of senior managers by 10 to 20 percent from Jan. 1 to improve benefits for ordinary staff and ease the pressure on the firm, according to its founder on Tuesday. The Chinese e-commerce giant will set up a 10 billion yuan housing fund to provide interest-free home loans to rank-and-file employees, Richard Liu said in an e-mail to staff, while Liu will also personally chip in 100 million yuan to a relief fund for employees’ children. It also plans to include outsourced staff of Deppon Express that JD bought in March as regular employees, and pay their social insurance premiums.

            京東高管降薪提升基層員工待遇:11月22日,京東集團創始人、董事會主席劉強東在給全體員工的郵件中宣布,要對員工和高管待遇進行“一升一降”,自2023年1月1日起,京東集團高級管理人員的現金薪酬降低10%到20%不等,但與此同時公司將提升基層員工的購房無息貸款等待遇。劉強東在郵件中提到,將為德邦現有員工自2023年1月1日起逐步繳齊五險一金。同時,公司將為基層員工設立“住房保障基金”,未來十年將投入數百億元為基層員工提供購房無息貸款。此外,劉強東本人再捐款1億元人民幣,京東集團及各業務集團也會拿出一定比例的現金,大幅擴充“員工子女救助基金”的規模。

          • Chinese electric vehicle maker BYD announced today that it would raise official guide prices for models in the Dynasty and Ocean series, as well as those in the Denza brand, by 2,000 to 6,000 yuan due to higher raw material costs and expiration of China's purchase subsidies for new energy vehicles. The price increases will take effect from Jan 1, 2023.

            比亞迪新能源車漲價:11月23日上午,根據比亞迪最新發布的消息,比亞迪汽車將對王朝、海洋及騰勢相關新能源車型的官方指導價進行調整,上調幅度為2000元至6000元不等,具體車型的調價通知將另行發布。2023年1月1日之前付定金簽約的客戶不受此次調價影響。說明提到,根據國家對新能源汽車發展的系列政策及規劃,新能源汽車購置補貼政策將于2022年12月31日終止,同時下半年以來電池主要原材料價格大幅上漲。

          • Honor, a leading provider of smart devices in China, on Tuesday launched its MagicOS 7.0 operating system, which might be compatible with HarmonyOS and iOS in the future. MagicOS 7.0 consists of four core technologies -- MagicRing, Magic Live, Turbo X and MagicGuard, realizing the interconnection of different chip platforms and operating systems.

            榮耀發布MagicOS 7.0:22日榮耀MagicOS發布暨開發者大會上,榮耀最新一代全場景操作系統MagicOS 7.0正式發布。榮耀 MagicOS 全面升級軟件系統架構,打造跨設備無縫協同、跨應用無縫流轉的融合生態體驗,亮點包括 MagicRing 信任環、Magic Live 智慧引擎、Turbo X 系統引擎、MagicGuard 榮耀安全四大平臺級根技術及系統核心服務。

          Earnings reports express

          財報速遞

          • Shares in Baidu advanced today after the Chinese internet giant reported yesterday a 14 percent surge in operating profit, which refers to profit from its core businesses, in the third quarter from a year ago, marking the first quarterly growth since the second quarter last year. The turnaround was fueled by a gradual recovery in online marketing and the steady growth of its AI-powered businesses. Baidu logged a 16 percent jump in net profit to 5.9 billion yuan in the period, and revenue advanced 2 percent to 32.5 billion yuan. 

            百度三季度營收325.4億元:11月22日,百度發布了三季度財報數據。得益于持續的降本增效舉措,百度經營效率提升,盈利能力逐季修復。第三季度,百度實現營收325.4億元,同比增長2%;歸屬百度的凈利潤(non-GAAP)達到58.9億元,同比增長16%,超市場預期。其中,三季度核心經營利潤同比增長14%,為2021年二季度以來首次正增長。百度智能云營收同比增長24%,增速高于行業平均水平,智能駕駛業務板塊再次取得突破。

          Switching gears to financial news

          金融市場消息

          • Agricultural Bank of China(ABC) signed bank-enterprise strategic cooperation agreements with five property firms on Wednesday, including China Resources Land, China Overseas Land, Vanke Group, Longfor Group and Gemdale Group, in order to develop long-term cooperation on businesses such as loans, mortgages, M&A, and bond underwriting, according to the state-owned lender. Bank of China also announced to provide a 100-billion-yuan credit line to developer Vanke today.

            農行與五家房企簽署銀企戰略合作協議:11月23日下午,中國農業銀行與中海發展、華潤置地、萬科集團、龍湖集團、金地集團五家房企舉行銀企戰略合作協議簽約儀式,銀企各方將利用各自行業優勢,整合資源,圍繞商品房、保障房、城市更新等重點領域,在房地產開發貸款、個人住房按揭貸款、并購貸款、債券承銷與投資等業務方面,進一步加深合作,建立長期穩定的合作關系。同時,中國銀行與萬科集團簽署《戰略合作協議》,進一步深化銀企合作。根據協議,中國銀行將為萬科集團提供不超過1000億元人民幣或等值外幣的意向性授信額度。

          • China’s tech-savvy STAR Market in Shanghai hosted 486 companies that raised a combined 730 billion yuan through initial public offerings in its first three years. The fundraising accounted for more than 40 percent of IPOs in China’s domestic A-share market during the period, said Cai Jianchun, general manager of the Shanghai Stock Exchange, on Tuesday. Companies traded on the STAR Market have a combined market value of more than 6 trillion yuan.

            科創板IPO融資額超7300億:11月22日,上交所總經理蔡建春出席2022年金融街論壇時表示,設立科創板并試點注冊制,是資本市場落實國家創新驅動發展戰略的重要舉措。截至目前,科創板已上市486家科創企業,IPO融資額超7300億元,占同期境內A股市場首發融資總額的40%以上,總市值超6萬億元。

          • Berkshire Hathaway, the investment company owned by Warren Buffett, has sold 3.23 million Hong Kong-listed shares of BYD for HK$630.33 million, a filing to the Hong Kong Stock Exchange showed on Tuesday. The sale, which has been the fifth cut this year, lowered Berkshire Hathaway's holdings in BYD's H-shares to 15.99 percent on Nov. 17 from 16.28 percent.  

            巴菲特今年五次減持比亞迪:11月23日消息,據港交所披露的信息顯示,巴菲特旗下公司伯克希爾11月17日賣出了322.5萬股比亞迪H股,持股比例從16.28%降至15.99%。本次減持均價為195.4212港元/股,套現約6.3億港元。據悉,這已是港交所今年第五次披露巴菲特減持比亞迪H股,自從8月份開始巴菲特已累計減持比亞迪H股5000萬股,套現約102.68億港元。

          Wrapping up with a quick look at the stock market

          股市收盤情況

          • Chinese stocks traded in a tight range and ended mixed on Wednesday. The benchmark Shanghai Composite rose 0.26 percent, partly helped by the latest round of property financing support policies, while the Shenzhen Component slid 0.27 percent. Hong Kong stocks rebounded after a 5-day losing streak, with the Hang Seng index rising 0.57 percent, and the TECH index gained 1.13 percent.

            A股窄幅震蕩港股走高:周三A股震蕩三大指數漲跌不一,截至收盤,滬指漲0.26%,深成指跌0.27%,兩市交易額8304.8億元。港股結束五連跌,恒生指數漲0.57%,恒生科技指數漲1.13%。

          Biz Word of the Day

          財經詞匯劃重點

          • credit line, also known as a "line of credit" (LOC), is a type of standing loan that allows individuals, businesses, or other organizations to borrow cash when they need it, repay what they have borrowed, and continue borrowing without applying for a new loan.

            授信額度是指商業銀行為客戶核定的短期授信業務的存量管理指標,一般可分為單筆貸款授信額度、借款企業額度和集團借款企業額度。只要授信余額不超過對應的業務品種指標,無論累計發放金額和發放次數為多少,商業銀行業務部門均可快速向客戶提供短期授信,即企業可便捷地循環使用銀行的短期授信資金。

          Executive Editor: Sonia YU

          Editor: LI Yanxia

          Host: Stephanie LI

          Writer: Stephanie LI 

          Sound Editor: Stephanie LI

          Graphic Designer: ZHENG Wenjing, LIAO Yuanni

          Produced by 21st Century Business Herald Dept. of Overseas News.

          Presented by SFC

          編委:  于曉娜

          策劃、編輯:李艷霞 

          播音:李瑩亮

          撰稿:李瑩亮

          音頻制作:李瑩亮

          設計:鄭文靜、廖苑妮

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